A friend came into a 53 gallon Knob Creek Single Barrel Reserve 9 year whiskey barrel that now lives in my basement and houses homebrew. We’ve done a Russian Imperial Stout, a Scotch Ale, and an Oud Bruin. The fresh barrel contributed a massive oak character, but over 3 batches and 1.5 years, the oak faded. When the barrel naturally went sour during the Scotch Ale, we switched to intentionally soured beers and added 8 sachets of the Flemish Ale F4 blend from Blackman Yeast.
Next up is a sour stout, very low on hops (<10 IBUs), inspired by The Bruery’s Tart of Darkness. The low IBUs are friendlier to souring microbes and also avoid the clashing of bitterness and acidity.
6/5/16: I brewed 4 shares (22 gallon batch), 3 for the barrel and one to drink clean. I actually ended up with more like 24 gallons at slightly higher than intended gravity due to good efficiency.
First chilling: I ran off the first 16.5 gallons through the plate chiller as a low-bitterness stout for souring. This had an OG around 1.062.
Second chilling: I then kept boiling the remaining beer with a final hop addition of 0.89oz Zythos and 0.25oz Galena for an hour, then added an ounce of Mandarina Bavaria at 5 minutes. My volume barely covered my heating element, and I was concentrating the wort with a second hour of boiling, so to compensate I topped up with some final running set aside from the end of my fly sparging. This left me with about 7 gallons of hoppier, more balanced, clean American stout. OG 1.064, and about 40 IBUs (compared to less than 10 IBUs for the souring shares).
I fermented two of the shares for the barrel with US-05; the third barrel share, plus my hoppy stout, got a yeast cake of Wyeast 1968 London ESB Ale stored in the fridge from my Bellaire Brown clone. The dormant yeast cake was awoken in a 3L yeast starter, but only had ~20 hours to ferment on a stirplate. I have some concerns about low attenuation of this yeast on the hoppier stout, especially given the high mash temp (157F). That is desirable for the sour share, to give the barrel’s microbes more to work with, but I may need to pitch additional yeast to fully ferment the clean beer.
6/13/16 (8 days): both yeast variations are at about 1.020, having fermented in the low 60s unattended. The ESB yeast has flocculated considerably more. I racked some of the yeast cake from under a US-05 fermenter into the ESB fermenters, roused all of them, and moved all to a warmer room.
November 2016: all of my primary fermenters developed an unpleasant infection. The barrel needed my 15 gallon contribution, so I pasteurized it by heating it to about 150F for 30 minutes. Lifting the lid of the boil kettle was quite harsh – I’m not sure if that was CO2 or alcohol coming out, or both. The resulting product tasted off, but at least no unwanted bugs are going into the barrel and ruining it permanently. And actually, a sample from the barrel at 5 months tastes great: slight brett, firm sourness, pleasantly fruity.
My shares not destined for the barrel also got infected and ended up undrinkable. My guess is that the culprit was the reused yeast; I wasn’t fastidious in how I captured or stored it. And then I racked back and forth between fermenters, blending to address attentuation issues, which would have introduced the bacteria to all of the vessels. Bah.
January 2017: the stout was pretty good when we drained it from the barrel. I put mine on a 1/2 lb of cocoa nibs I wanted to use up, plus a lot of wild-picked black raspberries I froze last summer.
Here’s the recipe (below and on Brewtoad): Tart of Darkness clone
|Batch Size||Boil Time||IBU||SRM||Est. OG||Est. FG||ABV|
|22 gal||60 min|
|2-Row Brewers Malt||38 lbs||76|
|2-Row Caramel Malt 60L||4 lbs||8|
|Oat Flakes||4 lbs||8|
|Roasted Barley (UK)||2 lbs||4|
|Chocolate (US)||2 lbs||4|
|Galena (US)||0.75 oz||60 min||Boil||Pellet||13|
|Whirlfloc Tablet||2.0||5 min||Boil|
|Blackman F4 Flemish Blend||85%||32°F - 32°F|
|Safale US-05||Fermentis||86%||32°F - 32°F|
|London ESB Ale||Wyeast||69%||32°F - 32°F|